Sub-Mission on Polytechnics under the Coordinated Action for Skill Development
|1.||SETTING UP OF NEW POLYTECHNICS IN UNSERVED & UNDERSERVED DISTRICTS|
|2.||SCHEME OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT THROUGH POLYTECHNICS (CDTP)|
|3.||CONSTRUCTION OF WOMEN'S HOSTELS IN POLYTECHNICS|
|4.||UPGRADATION OF POLYTECHNICS|
Research & Innovation
|1.||ESTABLISHMENT OF CENTRES OF EXCELLENCE IN FRONTIER AREAS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (FAST) - REVISED FORMAT|
ESTABLISHMENT OF DESIGN INNOVATION CENTRE
1.Scheme of Apprenticeship Training
Implementation of the Scheme of Apprenticeship Training is a Statutory requirement under Apprentices Act, 1961. The Scheme of Apprenticeship Training provides opportunities for practical training to graduate engineers, diploma holders (Technicians) and 10+2 Vocational pass outs in about 10,000 industrial establishments/organizations as per the policies and guidelines laid down by the Central Apprenticeship Council (CAC), which is an apex Statutory Body constituted under the Apprentices Act, 1961.
The basic purpose of the Scheme is to fulfill/match, any gap, in so far practical/hands on experience of fresh Graduate Engineers, Diploma Holders and 10+2 Vocational Pass-out is concerned to enhance their technical skills for making their suitability in job absorption as per the needs of the Industries.
The four Regional Boards of Apprenticeship/Practical Training (BOATs/BOPT) located at Mumbai, Kolkata, Kanpur and Chennai which are fully funded autonomous organization of Ministry of Human Resource Development (Department of Higher Education), have been authorized in their respective regions to implement the Scheme of Apprenticeship Training under Apprentices Act, 1961.
The period of Apprenticeship Training under the Act is one year. The apprentices are paid monthly stipend, which is shared between the Central Government and the employer on 50:50 basis. The existing rates of stipend payable to Engineering Graduates, Technicians and 10+2 Vocational pass outs as apprentices is Rs.2600/-, Rs.1850/-. and Rs.1440/- per month respectively. The full stipend is paid by the industrial establishments/organizations to the apprentices undergoing Apprenticeship Training at the first instance and later they claim 50% reimbursement from Central Government through respective BOATs/BOPT.
2.Support For Distance Education & Web Based Learning (NPTEL)
In order to enhance learning effectiveness in the field of technical education by using technology, the MHRD, in 2003, initiated the Project – National Programme for Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL) to enhance quality engineering education in the country by developing curriculum based video courses (at least 100) and web based e-courses (at least 115) to be prepared by seven IITs at Delhi, Bombay, Madras, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Guwahati, Roorkee and IISc, Bangalore as participating institutions with a total outlay of Rs. 20.47 crores.
In the first phase of the NPTEL, the Project had covered core courses of under-graduate curriculum in five major engineering branches, namely, Civil, Computer Science, Electrical, Electronics & Communication and Mechanical Engineering. These were supplemented by the core science and management programme, languages and other basic courses such as electronics, numerical methods etc. which are mandatory for all engineering students. The model AICTE curricula in engineering adapted by major affiliating universities, such as Anna University, Vishveshwarya Technical University and Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University were used to design the course content.
The Programme was formally launched by the erstwhile Minister for Human Resource Development, Late Shri Arjun Singh, on September 3, 2006 in IIT Madras. The contents are currently made available to everyone in India and abroad through the websitehttp://nptel.iitm.ac.in maintained by IIT Madras. The video lectures are currently being broadcast through the Eklavya channel and approximately 50 engineering institutions in the country have set up their own receivers with a dish antenna to receive the signal in their own campuses.
More than 500 faculties are expected to participate in the Project and the beneficiaries of the Programme will be all engineering and physical sciences under-graduates/post graduates in the country; all teachers/faculties in science and engineering Universities in India. The goal of the Project is to build on the programme launched on 03.09.2006 in NPTEL Phase-I and create on-line course contents and interactions between faculty members in science and engineering using the best academics in India.
3.Indian National Digital Library in Engineering, Science & Technology (INDEST-AICTE) Consortium
The Ministry of Human Resource Development has set up the “Indian National Digital Library in Engineering Sciences and Technology (INDEST-AICTE) Consortium”. The Ministry provides funds for access to electronic resources and databases to centrally funded institutions. The benefit of consortia-based subscription to electronic resources is also extended to all educational institutions under its open-ended proposition. AICTE approved Govt./Govt. aided engineering colleges are getting access to selected electronic resources with support from the AICTE and number of other engineering colleges and institutions have already joined the consortium on their own. A mechanism is in place wherein this consortium takes advantage of collective bargaining and passes on the benefit of e-journals to subscribing members. (indest.iitd.ac.in)
4.National Programme of Earthquake Engineering Education (NPEEE)
After the Gujarat Earthquake in January, 2001 and Orissa cyclone in the year 2000 a comprehensive National Programme on Earthquake Engineering Education (NPEEE) was launched by MHRD in 2003 with the seven IITs and IISc, Bangalore, as resource institutes. IIT Kanpur is the Coordinating Institute. The programme is open to all recognized engineering colleges/ polytechnics and schools of architecture having related academic degree or diploma programme, irrespective of whether these are government funded or privately funded. The objectives of NPEEE are (a) to train the teachers of engineering colleges, polytechnics and schools of architecture, and (b) to develop suitable curriculum.
A few lead institutions in the country helped the faculty development in other institutions. This would help train the engineering college teachers through short and long-term training under a centrally funded programme. Activities under this National Initiative include:
Faculty development through short-term crash programmes and long-term programmes.
Development of resource materials / textbooks etc.
Development of library resources in technical institutions.
Faculty exchanges between lead institutions and other institutions in the country, and the academia-industry exchanges.
International exchanges wherein renowned experts from abroad can visit Indian institutions for varying duration for teaching and research, and younger Indian teachers/ professionals could spend time in top international institutions in this subject.
Basic teaching laboratories may be funded at different engineering institutions. At the lead institutions, the proposed programme may fund development of major research laboratories that would be used by other institutions also.
Through the first phase of the Programme, the initiative has been to build capacity in Earthquake Engineering in the country and enhance country’s preparedness to cope with earthquakes in future without avoidable loss of life and property. First phase was ended in June 2007.(www.nicee.org/npeee)
5.Technology Development Mission
In 1993, the Technology Development Missions (TDM) started at all the IITs and IISc with the objective of a concerted national effort towards technology development with direct involvement and participation of industries. Several mission projects, with well-defined goals, milestones and deliverables were identified in areas of national importance. Two or more academic institutions and industries collaborated in most of the mission projects. The funding to these mission areas was as follows:
Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) funded these projects to the tune of Rs. 50.00 crores.
Industry participants contributed about Rs. 9.00 crores in addition to support in terms of equipment, components, manpower and hardware etc. worth Rs. 15.00 crores.
The most important aspect of this mission was a significant effort on the part of the Government in encouraging industry-institute interaction as well as assisting industry in developing the latest technology. This was first time that mission oriented programs were successfully taken jointly with industry.
The TDM-I was successful and highly appreciated in the National Steering Committee meeting of the Planning Commission held on August 06, 1999 at New Delhi. TDM-I resulted in development and transfer of several technologies to Industry viz.:
- Automation of power distribution
- An immuno diagnostic test for AIDS
- Vaccine for Hepatitis-B
- Supercritical fluid extraction technology
- Controlled atmosphere storage technology for food grains
- The first 50 kg payload robot
- Automated monitoring systems
- Squeeze casting technology for metal matrix composite piston
- Environment friendly vapour compression heat pump assisted dryer for agricultural products, etc.
Most of the deliverables were achieved. Subsequent increase in industry-sponsored research at IITs and IISc confirmed that the TDM-I program fostered an environment of faith in capabilities of Indian academic institutions to solve current technology problems of the industry and help them in developing newer technologies and products. Some of the significant benefits from TDM-I were:
- Industry and IITs collaborated on such mission-oriented programmes for the first time
- Industry was convinced about the capabilities of IITs and IISc in solving technological problems and to undertake development of new products successfully
- Increase in the number of Industry- sponsored research at IITs and IISc
- Enhanced academic collaboration among these top Institutes
Direct Admission of Students Abroad
This scheme of the MHRD is aimed at helping seekers of global technical education become a part of the high quality technical education provided at Indian institutions. The scheme, mainly aimed at seeking admissions for the Engineering Programs, was started in 2001 and since then, it has offered admission to scores of undergraduate students in NITs, IIITs and other premier technical institutions in the country. The Scheme is applicable to NRIs/PIOs as well as foreign nationals.
The Government of India has entrusted the coordination of the admission process under DASA scheme to NITK, Surathkal from academic year 2010-11.
Scheme for Upgrading existing Polytechnics to Integrate the Physically Disabled in the mainstream of Technical and Vocational Education
This scheme has been formulated with the aim to integrate physically disabled persons into the mainstream through technical and Vocational Education.Under the scheme, 50 existing polytechnics in different locations of the country have been selected for upgradation so as to enable them to introduce technical/vocational and continuing education programmes for the persons with disabilities. The scheme is targeted to benefit around 1250 disabled students every year in the formal diploma level courses and 5000 students in short duration technical/vocational courses. The selected polytechnics will also conduct research and tracer studies relating to education and training, utilization, employability, etc. of students with disabilities and develop institutional environment which gradually reduces discrimination and disparities and integrates the students with disabilities with the main stream of technical and vocational education. In initial stages certain polytechnics had some constraints in running the formal and non-formal courses.
Setting up 20 new IIITs in PPP mode
To address the challenges faced by the lndian IT industry and growth of the domestic IT market, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India intends to establish twenty lndian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), on a Not-for-profit Public Private Partnership (N-PPP) basis. The partners in setting up the IllTs would be the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Governments of the respective States where each lllT will be established, and the industry.
A major objective in establishing IllTs is to set up a model of education which can produce best-in-class human resources in IT and harnessing the multidimensional facets of IT in various domains. While the number of students produced by these IIITs would be small, the impact they create would be great.
Research & Innovation
1.ESTABLISHMENT OF CENTRES OF EXCELLENCE IN FRONTIER AREAS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
The Centre of Excellence (CoE) is expected to be a collaborative activity between a team of high quality researchers in the institution and researchers or research-users in several companies or organizations on new and emerging technologies, multi-disciplinary and translational research relevant to national development goals.